Product Innovation

Who Doesn’t Need a Pocket Microscope?

Product innovation involves digging deep, beneath “the way we’ve always done it,” to uncover the essential core of function and value. It involves reimagining how to deliver that core, and tirelessly testing and learning, until a compelling new value proposition comes to life.

Last time I told you I bought one thing at CES.  What I bought is a powerful example of product innovation, with far-reaching implications. Called a Foldscope, it was created a few years ago, executed a very successful kickstarter campaign, and a million Foldscopes have now been distributed around the world.

To understand why this is such a meaningful innovation, a brief history is required. Then we’ll assemble mine to see what it’s all about.

An extremely abridged history of the microscope

Long, long ago, humans realized that looking through a piece of clear crystal could make something appear larger when the crystal was thicker in the middle than at the edges. 

Fast forward many centuries.  Lenses are placed in tubes around 1600.  This tube/lens combo is a winner, and evolves into microscopes (and telescopes, but we don’t care about those right now).  These microscopes attract investors.  They improve.  Features are added.  They gain popularity. Garner millions of likes and followers.  They are welcomed into labs worldwide, to perform on a daily basis.  And they become a critical tool for science and health care, one that we can’t live without.

And yet, unlike the dramatic evolution of telephony, the basic lab microscope is still rockin’ it like it’s the 1800s.  Unapologetically solid.  Bulky.  Heavy. Quite difficult to carry around in your pocket.  Which is, obviously, something we all want to be able to do.

microscopes. not pocket-friendly.

Have you ever thought, “I can fit a magnifying glass in my pocket, why can’t I do the same with a microscope?”  No?  Huh.

How about, “I have a pocket-friendly phone that solves my need for omnipresent social interaction. Now I really wish I had a pocket-friendly scope so I can study water quality and bacteria on-the-go?”  No?  OK, fine, so no one really thinks that.  Well, almost no one. But I bet you’ll be thinking it by the time we’re done. 

Really, the world DOES need a pocket microscope

Not long ago, some people thought really hard about this unfortunate situation. In particular, they thought that if cheap, compact, lightweight microscopy existed, then microorganisms could be studied anywhere. And—here’s the punchline—you could significantly improve diagnosis of diseases, like malaria, in rural areas.

I’m talking about Manu Prakash and Jim Cybulski, the scientists who set out to deliver the essential capabilities of a microscope, in a totally new form factor, resulting in the Foldscope. To learn more about their vision and innovation journey as they developed it, I recommend either the Stanford School of Medicine video, or the TED talk. Because Manu is a professor and Jim was a PhD student, there is of course also a research paper, which I don’t recommend, as it is esoteric and convoluted like most academic research papers, masking the fact that the brilliance lies in the simplicity of the device.

The bottom line is that they succeeded. Lightweight? Check. Portable? Check. Fits the need? Absolutely. And what about cost? Utilizing simple mass produced components, they were able to drive the manufacturing cost to less than a dollar each.

And now anyone can acquire and assemble their own pocket microscope. 

So, of course, I bought one.  Let’s check it out.

inside the box: tools and slides for sample collection, foldscope parts, LED light

Up close and personal with a Foldscope

You can buy these by the hundred at a ridiculously cheap price, which is great if you’re a health organization, teacher, or have 99 close personal friends who also love science.

Or you may choose to splurge on the deluxe individual kit, which comes in a nice metal box and includes the scope components plus everything you could need for specimen collecting and slide creation.  I bought the deluxe kit (sorry friends!). The kit comes with a bunch of fun-looking stuff I’m sure I’ll want later, but let’s dive right into assembling the scope.

Assembly Required

the paper components
the lens
assembly in process

I punch out some paper shapes, insert a couple magnets into pre-cut slots, snap on the lens (which also has a magnet) and do some folding.  The Foldscope is described as an origami microscope. Given that, if your origami swans often resemble disgruntled ducklings, you might outsource the folding to an 8-year-old.  If you don’t have one, I’m sure a friend will loan you theirs.

fully assembled!

Check out the assembled scope. All told, we’re looking at 4 pre-cut pieces of paper, 3 magnets, 1 lens, and some folding, to produce a complete and functional Foldscope. Ingenious!

That’s the scope. Now for some science.

Now, what to study?

So, when you’re not out diagnosing malaria, what could you do with a Foldscope?  Well, if you still have that 8-year-old around, you could perform random acts of science: study microorganisms in water, magnify pollen, check out hairy bug legs.  (Bugs are awesome.)  If you’re into that kind of thing, you might also check out the foldscope community site to see what others use their scope for, or share your research.

But who am I kidding?  No one needs an 8-year-old in order to justify performing random acts of science.  Own it, people.

Putting the scope to work

It’s time to conduct some research and see how this scope really works.  I need something to study.  Aha!  Stray feathers. The perfect specimen.  OK, let’s see what else comes in this kit: tweezers, scissors, sample jars, strainers, pipettes, slides, LED light, and more.  There are both glass and paper slides.  I decide to go as low-tech (and pocket-friendly) as possible, using paper slides plus clear stickers to build my feather specimens. Then I slot my paper slide into the foldscope.

sample creation – paper slide
inserting the slide into the scope

Looking through the scope directly with my eye works surprisingly well, but it’s not easy to share what I’m seeing. Then I try a phone, attaching it with the magnet provided:

scope attached to phone
photo taken with phone

The phone option is obviously convenient – it’s already in your pocket and you can take pictures. But not everyone in the world has a smartphone. So I try the third and final option. Using the LED light and magnet included in the kit, I attach it to the scope with a magnet, turn off the lights, and project it onto a wall…

using the LED light to project the magnified specimen onto a wall

…now that is pretty cool. Just think, for less than a dollar, this can happen anywhere in the world.

Still don’t think you want a pocket scope? 

Let’s suppose science isn’t really your thing (What?!  How is this even possible?).  Even so, haven’t you ever wondered about the water in that fountain at work?  Pocket microscope time!  Or have you been on a plane, and thought, “I’d really like to see what’s living on this tray table?”  Pocket microscope! 

Admit it, the next time you are on a plane, you’ll be thinking about this…or maybe you’ll just bust out your Foldscope and find out! 

Until next time!


pocket microscope time!

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Tech Trends

CES 2020: So what’d you miss?

So you didn’t make it to CES this year. You could have hung out with me and 170,000 of your newest friends, navigating 4500 exhibitors. No? Maybe you stayed home and caught some highlights online or on television. Either way, it was tough to cut through all the noise and the hype. What are the trends, really? Is 5G really here? Are those gadgets in the “news” really just paid placements (I always wonder)? So hard to tell.

ZF demonstrates all the components of an autonomous vehicle

So why do I go? CES is a great place to open yourself to what is possible. And it is a place where you can find people working the booths who really know their sh*t. I love to roam the exhibits and talk to the people who built the technology. The Ph.Ds, the founders, the inventors. Find out what something really does. How it works. Why they think it matters. Really dig in to where hype and reality meet up.

So, what’d you miss?

Here’s the rapid rundown of what I learned this year, summed up in 6 tech trend takeaways.

1. Internet of Everything. Ever expanding.

Sensors – so tiny
Connected home
Earthquake sensor

First, internet-of-everything. Sensors are getting super cheap and tiny, computing power continues to improve, and people are generally receptive to the tradeoffs. So internet-of-everything is growing and will continue to do so. Connected cities, connected home, connected car, connected humans, connected pets. That smartband or smartwatch you love is totally tracking you like a biologist tracks migratory birds. Just like you are tracking your kids. And your pets. And it’s nowhere near done yet. Homes and cities are the big focus, with an ever-expanding set of products.

And because this creates serious security and privacy issues, we’re finally starting to see significant work in that space, with tools to apply security to our interconnected world.

2. When “tested on animals” is a good thing.

Robots for pets!
Techie pet training
Connected pet

Speaking of connected pets, pet tech in particular is on the rise. What dog or cat doesn’t need their own robot friend? Expect to see a lot more gadgetry targeted toward your pet hitting the mainstream. While you’re at work, your pet can play with its own robot, watch on-demand online obedience training, or interact with you via remote cameras (while you’re on break, I’m sure). But what’s really emerging right now is health tech for pets. Think health tech for humans, like heart rate monitors, but now packaged and designed for pets.

3. Autonomous & electrified transportation, of course.

What’s one of the biggest concepts driving all that internet-of-everything work? The promise of autonomous vehicles. Those guys need better connected infrastructure and lower latency before they can multiply and take over. Which is also why, almost every time you hear about 5G, you hear autonomous vehicles mentioned. While 5G will certainly become reality one day, it is still a lot of hype right now. So for now just admire all the design concepts and check out the VTOLs.

bell nexus
Toyota concept-i
Hyundai Uber eVTOL

What’s a VTOL? VTOL = Vertical Take-Off and Landing vehicles (electric if there is an “e” at the front). Think of them as large, human-transporting drones. This year the Bell Nexus and the Hyundai Uber VTOLs were present.

4. Live in harmony with robots. Or become one.


A little quieter this year around autonomous robots. Lots of talk about human-robot collaboration. It felt like corporations were carefully skirting concerns of robotics leading to job loss. But if you want to become a robot, I continue to see great advances there. There is augmented and virtual reality, of course. Gaming gear galore. AR is starting to hit its groove, especially for training, while VR still needs some work. You’ll be happy to know that exoskeletons got some love this year, which are a must-have for every aspiring cyborg. But more seriously, exoskeletons help people repeatedly lift hundreds of pounds (airline workers, firefighters, welders, etc), and can help people with disabilities be more mobile.

5. Scan an object, print an object.

3D printers
3D scanning made easy

3D printing continues to evolve. Printers are cheaper and better at integrating any material you want, from traditional plastics to liquid metals. Notable this year was the focus on advanced scanning to automatically build the 3D design. Which suggests that 3D printing has outrun the design stage, and now technology is catching up to enable rapid scanning of items you want to clone with your printer. Which could come in handy if you need to print a replacement part for your dog’s robot, a robot now mysteriously surrounded by plastic crumbs.

6. Makers Rejoice! Build it yourself

Build your own IoT device from a kit, rapidly increasing speed to market

What’s cooler than watching tech? Building your own tech! OK, so maybe not for everyone. However, both corporate tech watchers and DIY makers alike should be avidly watching how the basic building blocks of technology are becoming more and more accessible. The ability to buy modules and kits that make it easy to rapidly prototype new products. Or build your own personal ones. For you corporate types thinking “why do I care?” well, let me put it to you this way: what if you could take 9 months of product development down to 1? Better yet, what if your competitors can?

Think about it.

And that’s a wrap.

Want to see more photos and video from my trip? Check it out here.

So much cool stuff. Tempting to buy so many things…
I bought one thing. Just one. Because of how innovative it is. I’ll tell you about that next time.

Until next time!


LIDAR selfie!